Lozano, J. [...] Cortes-Avizanda, A. et al. [...] 2019 Human-carnivore relations: A systematic review. Biological Conservation. vol 237, pag. 480-492. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2019.07.002
Abstract. We conducted a systematic review of 502 articles, published between 2000
and 2016, to characterize the research on human-carnivore relations
according to (i) temporal and geographical distribution, (ii) biology,
(iii) relations between carnivores and humans, (iv) social actors, (v)
drivers of change, (vi) management, and (vii) applied methods.
performed a detrended correspondence analysis and Kruskal-Wallis tests
to identify and describe thematic clusters used in human-carnivore
relations research. Our results show that research is deeply biased so
far, and four important knowledge gaps were detected. First, we found
more studies had been conducted in the Global North than in the Global
South, although risks and benefits of living alongside carnivores exist
in the Global South equally. Second, most research focused on large
predators, while small and medium-sized carnivores are also source of
damages and ecosystem services. Third, relations were often framed
around conflicts, with little attention to possible ecosystem services.
Fourth, most research was carried out using natural sciences methods,
despite methods from the social sciences having much to offer in this
context. Research fell into seven thematic clusters focusing on: (1)
North-American bears, (2) African large carnivores, (3) social research
in America, (4) meso-carnivores, (5) Asian felids, (6) conflicts with
the grey wolf, and (7) damages to human property. These results
highlight the need for more integrative, social-ecological research on
human-carnivore relations. We discuss how addressing existing knowledge
gaps could contribute to mitigating conflicts as well as fostering
coexistence between humans and carnivore species.
A press release by E. Soto here (in Spanish)
Sunday, 29 September 2019
Wednesday, 25 September 2019
Ainara Cortés-Avizanda from the GEDA (Animal Demography and Ecology Unit) will present her research on the arriving of the Griffon Vulture in Mallorca. A conference framed into the "GOB on Thursday" meeting organized by the Balearic Ornithological Group. Tomorrow h19h30 at "Centre Cultural Sa Nostra", Palma
Friday 27th GEDA will be at the "Nit de la Recerca", a speed-dating session to learn the different ongoing scientific projects in the Balearic Islands.
27/09/2019 h 17: "Who had been stealing my sandwich ?" Ca N Oleo, Carrer del Almudaina - Palma.
More at :nitdelsinvestigadors.cat
Monday, 16 September 2019
Friday, 13 September 2019
Tuesday, 3 September 2019
Sanz-Aguilar,A., Payo-Payo, A., Rotger, A., Yousfi, L., Moutailler, S., Beck, C., Dumarest, M.,Igual, J.M., Miranda, M-A., Viñas Torres, M., Picorelli, V., Gamble, A., Bouliner T. 2019: Infestation of small seabirds by Ornithodoros maritimus ticks: Effects on chick body condition, reproduction and associated infectious agents Ticks and Tick-borne diseases, doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ttbdis.2019.101281
We also investigated by molecular analyses the potential viral and bacterial pathogens associated with O. maritimus ticks present at the colony. Lower nestling survival was recorded in the most infested area, deep in the cave, compared to the area near the entrance. The parasite load was negatively associated with the body condition of the nestlings. One pool of ticks tested positive for West Nile virus and 4 pools tested positive for a Borrelia species which was determined by targeted nested PCR to have a 99% sequence identity with B. turicatae, a relapsing fever Borrelia. Overall, these results show that further investigations are needed to better understand the ecology and epidemiology of the interactions between ticks, pathogens and Procellariiform species.
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